APA 7th Edition
Grey literature is a category of resources that includes technical or research reports by government agencies, research institutes, organizations or companies, or associations. This type of literature includes (but is not limited to):
For more information, please visit Grey Literature: What Is It?
See below for four sample references to reports, and for more information on and examples of references to reports and grey literature, refer to pages 329-331 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2020).
Author, A. A. (date). Title of report: Subtitle of report (Report No. xxx). Publisher Name. URL
Authored Report From an Agency Website
BC Hydro. (2013). Environmental impact statement executive summary. Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency. http://www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/050/documents_staticpost/63919/85328/Executive_Summary.pdf
Authored Report from a Government Department
Bush, E., & Lemmen, D. S. (Eds.). (2019). Canada’s changing climate report. Natural Resources Canada. https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/sites/www.nrcan.gc.ca/files/energy/Climate-change/pdf/CCCR_FULLREPORT-EN-FINAL.pdf
Report from a Private Organization, Available on Organization Website (e.g., annual report)
Canadian Solar. (2018). 2018 annual report. http://investors.canadiansolar.com/static-files/f5df404b-6f97-4027-8be3-db57c5bb35d6
United Nations Report
United Nations Development Programme. (2014). Human development report 2014: Sustaining human progress: Reducing vulnerabilities and building resilience. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-report-en-1.pdf
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000
Royal Roads University. (2015). Grey literature: What is it? http://libguides.royalroads.ca/greylit
Author last name Author’s first initials. Title of Book [dissertation]. Place of college or university: Name of college or university; year of completion.
Online Government/Organization Report
Author(s) or responsible body. Title of report. URL. Published date. Updated date. Accessed date.
Online Conference Proceeding/Presentation
Author(s). Title of presentation. Name of society meeting or conference; date of meeting or conference; place of meeting or conference. URL. Accessed date.
Author(s). Title. Name of Newspaper. Publication date. Accessed date. Website address.
Author(s). Title. Name of website. Publication date. Updated date. Accessed date. URL